Pupils access phonics, where appropriate, at a level that is appropriate to them. For some pupils teaching in phonics is through discrete phonics lessons for others it is embedded within other literacy based activities. For many of our pupils working at a pre-subject specific level of learning phonics is about extending their knowledge of the world of sounds around them.

The Letters and Sounds document (2007) identifies seven aspects of learning within Phase One
■ Aspect 1: General sound discrimination – environmental sounds
■ Aspect 2: General sound discrimination – instrumental sounds
■ Aspect 3: General sound discrimination – body percussion
■ Aspect 4: Rhythm and rhyme
■ Aspect 5: Alliteration
■ Aspect 6: Voice sounds
■ Aspect 7: Oral blending and segmenting

For pupils developing their pre-phonic knowledge we are supporting them to:

  • Develop and extend attention and engagement
  • Give and maintain eye contact
  • Listen attentively
  • Communicate (both verbally and non-verbally)
  • Develop music skills which supports them understanding beat and rhythm which in turn helps them to segment sentences and syllables the precursors to learning phonics.
  • Show curiosity in the world of sound around them
  • Extend their their vocabulary using their preferred method of communication
  • Communicate confidently with adults and other peers
  • Discriminate phonemes – phonemes are the individual sounds of each letter of the alphabet. These sounds are then put together and blended to make short words, such as c, a, t (cat)
  • Reproduce audibly the phonemes they hear, in order, all through the word
  • Use sound-talk to segment words into phonemes – Phoneme segmentation is the ability to break words down into individual letter sounds. For example breaking the word dog into its component sounds – d, o, and g.

Phonics Schemes

In High Park we use the Jolly Phonics scheme;

  • Jolly Phonics. Click to go to the website for more information

Jolly Phonics is a full, stand alone phonics teaching programme, designed for the first year of teaching reading.  The teaching starts with learning the letter sounds, and how to blend and

Here are a few of the schemes that you might also want to look at at home.

Here are some of our pupils in Oak Base using their interest in Rap music to explore rhythm and rhyme.